JUDAH THE GALILEAN

JUDAH THE GALILEAN (d. c. 6 C.E.), considered by many scholars identical with Judah, the son of hezekiah who was put to death by Herod in Galilee. Judah came from Gamala in the Golan (Jos., Ant., 18:4). Immediately after the death of Herod (4 B.C.E.) Judah participated in the widespread disturbances in the country. He had put himself at the head of a band of rebels near Sepphoris and had seized control of the armory in Herod's palace in the city. According to Josephus, he had even aspired to the throne (Ant., 17:271–2; Wars, 2:56). Though the rebels were defeated, Judah apparently succeeded in escaping (Jos., Ant., 17:289ff.). Together with zadok the Pharisee, he was one of the founders of the "fourth philosophy," i.e., the Sicarii (Ant., 18:23–5). When sulpicius quirinius , the governor of Syria, arrived in Judea in 6 C.E. to take a census, as the first step toward converting the country into a Roman province, Judah and Zadok urged the people to resist, maintaining that submitting to a census in Judea was a religious sin, the Jewish people being forbidden to acknowledge any other master but God (Jos., Wars, 2:118, 433). Judah's doctrine struck root among the embittered people, especially among the youth, and its consequences were visible in the period of the procurators, particularly in the last years before the Roman War and during the war itself. Of his three sons, Jacob and Simeon both continued the zealot tradition and headed the rebels. Both brothers were arrested and crucified during the procuratorship of Tiberius Alexander (46–48 C.E.; Jos., Ant., 20:102). Their brother Menahem was one of the Jewish leaders in the Roman War. For the "fourth philosophy" founded by Judah the Galilean, see zealots and sicarii . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Schuerer, Hist, index, S.V. Judas of Galilee and p. 226 (for his sons); Klausner, Bayit Sheni, index, S.V. Yehudah ha-Galili; A.H.M. Jones, The Herods of Judaea (1938), 163, 225, 243. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Judah the Galilean — (d. c.6)    Palestinian Zealot leader. He was born in Gamala in the Golan. He partici pated in the disturbances in the country following the death of Herod the Great. He was the head of a band of rebels active around Sepphoris, who had seized… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Judah the Prince — Traditional burial place of Judah the Price at Beit She arim National Park, Israel. Rebbi redirects here. For the title, see Honorifics in Judaism. For other people named Judah, see Judah (disambiguation). Judah the Prince, (Hebrew: יהודה הנשיא‎ …   Wikipedia

  • The Bible and history — Part of a series on The Bible …   Wikipedia

  • Galilean — Galileans (or Galilæans) were members of a fanatical sect (Zealots), followers of Judas of Galilee, who fiercely resented the taxation of the Romans, and whose violence contributed to induce the latter to vow the extermination of the whole… …   Wikipedia

  • ZADOK THE PHARISEE — (early first century C.E.), founder, together with judah the galilean , of the fourth philosophy among the Jews of the late Second Temple period (see sicarii ). This philosophy was, in effect, the theoretical basis and justification of the Jewish …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Menahem ben Judah — (fl. 1st cent.)    Israelite rebel leader, son of Judah the Galilean. He led the group known as the Sicarii in the war against Rome (66 70), successfully attacking the stronghold of Masada, and gaining victory over the Romans in Herod s palace.… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • MENAHEM THE ESSENE — (first century B.C.E.), a contemporary of herod , to whom prophetic powers were attributed. Josephus relates how Menahem had once observed Herod, then still a boy, going to his teacher, and greeted him as king of the Jews. The pious Essene added …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baraita on the Thirty-two Rules — The Baraita on the Thirty two Rules or Baraita of R. Eliezer ben Jose ha Gelili is a baraita giving the 32 hermeneutic rules according to which the Bible is interpreted. It is no longer extent except in references by later authorities. Abul Walid …   Wikipedia

  • TRIBES, THE TWELVE — TRIBES, THE TWELVE, the traditional division of Israel into 12 tribes: Reuben, Simeon (Levi), Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Ephraim, and Manasseh. Biblical tradition holds that the 12 tribes of Israel are… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Menahem the Essene — For the Israelite King, see Menahem (Ben Gadi). For the Khazar ruler of the same name, see Menahem (Khazar). For the medieval poet and philologist, see Menahem ben Saruq. Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.